Johann Sebastian Bach
Bach was born in 1685 in Eisenach into a musical family.
Bach received his earliest instruction from his father. After
his father's death in 1695, Bach moved to Ohrdruf, where he
lived and studied organ with his older brother Johann Christoph.
Bach's style was influenced by his study of numerous Italian
compositions, especially the concertos composed by Vivaldi.
Bach was the Music Director for the Prince Leopold of Cüthen
during the years 1717 to 1723.
Since the court chapel was Calvinist, there was no need for
church compositions. Bach probably used the Cüthen organs
only for teaching and practice.
His new works at Cüthen were primarily for instrumental
solo or ensemble, to be used as court entertainment or for
Among the important compositions at Cüthen were the Brandenburg
Concertos, the first volume of Das wohltemperirte Clavier
(The Well-Tempered Clavier), the "French" and "English"
Suites for harpsichord.
During this period Bach composed most of the sonatas and suites
for other instruments, like the Sonata Number 1 for violin
Bach apparently gave virtuoso organ recitals in Leipzig and
on various tours.
During Bach's last decade (the 1740s), he completed or revised
several large-scale projects, which he had started earlier:
The Well-Tempered Clavier, Vol. II and the B minor Mass, among
The new works showed an increased interest in fugal and canonic
writing such as the Musikalische Opfer (Musical Offering)
and Die Kunst der Fuge (The Art of Fugue).
Bach died in Leipzig in 1750.
Classical Guitar Music